1. 给……带来机遇和挑战 present (bring) both opportunities and challenges to

2. 给……带来积极影响 bring a more positive impact on

3. 给予财政资助 support financially

4. 有巨大潜力 have huge potential for

5. 开发 / 青睐中国市场 tap / favor the Chinese market

6. 申请专利 apply for a patent

7. 阻碍……的经济发展 handicap (hamper) the economic development

8. 增加农业投入 invest more in agriculture

9. 有望达到(上升到) be expected to reach (rise to, be up to)

10. 造成很大压力 pose a big pressure on

11. 占领市场10% occupy (take, account for ) 10 percent of the market

12. 缩小…..间的距离 narrow the gap between

13. 加快经济发展和结构调整 speed up economic development and restructuring

14. 夺回失去的市场 take back lost market

15. 减轻……的负担 reduce (lighten) the burden of (on)

16. 采取反垄断措施 take anti-monopoly measures to

17. 加快努力 speed up efforts to

18. 在……建立分公司 set up branches in

19. 促进改革 promote reform

20. 面对可能的压力和竞争 face possible pressure and competition

21. 充分利用 make full use of

22. 把……列为基本国策 list…as fundamental national policies

23. 发挥自身优势 give full play to one’s advantages

24. 开拓市场 exploit markets

25. 扩大消费市场 expand consumption market

26. 改善投资环境 improve the environment for investment

27. 加强风险防范 prepare oneself against possible risks

28. 扩大贫富差距 widen the gap between the rich and the poor

29. 为……提供巨大商机 present huge business opportunities

30. 快速稳定增长 grow fast and steadily

31. 让……处于同一起跑线 put… on the same platform and at the same starting point

32. 赶超先进 surpass the advanced

33. 遵循市场经济的规律 follow the law of market economy

34. 根据市场作出调整 gear ourselves to the market orientation

35. 牟取暴利 seek excessive profits

36. 做好充分准备 make good preparations for

37. 对……造成/构成威胁 form /pose a threat to…

38. 和……合作 cooperate with

39. 和……进一步合作 further cooperation with

40. 提高公务员工资 raise the salaries of civil servants

41. 计算出准确的工资水平 figure out an exact salary level

42. 和……有合作关系 have cooperative ties with

43. 从国外引进先进技术 introduce from abroad the advanced technology

44. 优胜劣汰 select the superior and eliminate the inferior

45. 保证下岗职工的基本生活 guarantee the basic needs of laid-off workers

46. 取缔非法收入 ban unlawful incomes (ban illegal earnings)

47. 深化改革 deepen the reform

48. 控制通货膨胀 control inflation (keep inflation under control)

49. 让位于竞争需要 give way to the need for competition

50. 向...投资巨额资金 invest huge amounts of money into

51. 损失惨重 suffer great losses

52. 制造假象 create smoke screens to do

53. 陷入困境 land oneself in deep trouble

54. 吸引外商投资 attract foreign investment

55. 抓住机遇 seize opportunities

56. 适应……的发展 adapt oneself to the development of

57. 被指控接受贿赂 be accused of accepting bribes

58. 和……达成(签订)协议 reach(sign) an agreement with

59. 促进地区间的合作 promote regional cooperation

60. 退还大量钱款 give back an amount of money

61. 举报非法行为 disclose any illegal activities

62. 筹集足够的资金 raise enough funds

63. 采取不同的办法 adopt various methods

64. 承担风险 bear (take) risk

65. 创收外汇 earn foreign exchange (currency)

66. 活跃市场 enliven the market

67. 造成损失 cause a loss to

68. 十分重视 attach importance to

69. 制订……法律 make a law of (to)

70. 大力发展 strive to develop

71. 提高居民生活 improve residents’ standard of living

72. 提高管理水平 raise the management level

73. 加强管理 reinforce the management

74. 完善服务 perfect services

75. 刺激国内需求 stimulate domestic demand

76. 打破垄断 break the monopoly

77. 加快竞争步伐 accelerate the competition

78. 为当地人带来多种经济和社会效益 bring multiple economic and social benefits to the local people

79. 优先发展公共运输 give priority to the development of public transportation

80. 调整产业结构 adjust the industrial structure


无为而治 letting nature take its own course/govern by noninterference

乡土文化 native culture

炎黄子孙 a Chinese descendant/the Chinese nation

以德行仁 practice humanity with virtue

源远流长 have a long history

中国意识 Chineseness

中国元素 Chinese elements

中庸之道 doctrine of the mean

二十四节气 24 solar terms

民间工艺品 folk arts and crafts

文化多样性 cultural diversification

文化软实力 cultural soft power

传统文化知识 traditional cultural know-how

对外文化贸易 international cultural trade

思想道德建设 raise ideological and ethical standards

《四库全书》 Complete Works of Chinese Classics

文化产业基地 cultural industrial base

文化传播渠道 channels of cultural transmission

文化创意产业 cultural creative industry

文化体制改革 reform of cultural administrative system; cultural restructuring

骨干文化企业 leading/key cultural enterprises

文化资源整合 integration of cultural resources

新兴文化业态 emerging cultural formats

改造落后的文化 transform the backward culture

世界文化遗产地 world cultural heritage site

弘扬民族优秀文化 advance and enrich the fine cultural heritage of the nation

文化下乡长效机制 long-term mechanism for developing culture in rural areas

重大文化产业项目 major cultural industrial projects

国家一类文物保护单位 cultural relics (units) under first-grade state protection

吸收外国文化有益成果 absorb the achievements of foreign cultures

修身、齐家、治国、平天下 self-cultivation, a well-managed family, and the ability to administer the state and to bring peace to the nation


1. 日益昌盛 become increasingly prosperous

2. 快速发展 develop rapidly

3. 隆重集会 gather ceremoniously

4. 热爱和平 love peace

5. 追求进步 pursue progress

6. 履行权利和义务 perform the responsibilities and obligations

7. 回顾奋斗历程 review the course of struggle

8. 展望伟大征程 look into the great journey

9. 充满信心和力量 be filled with confidence and strength

10. 必胜 be bound to win

11. 主张各国政府采取行动 urge governments of all countries to take action

12. 和平共处 coexist peacefully

13. 对内开放和对外开放 open up both externally and internally

14. 经历两个不同时期 experience two different periods

15. 战胜无数的困难 overcome numerous difficulties

16. 赢得一个又一个胜利 win one victory after another

7. 完全意识到 be fully aware that

18. 迈出重要的一步 make an important step

19. 采取各种措施 adopt various measures

20. 得出结论,告一段落 draw ( arrive at, come to reach ) a conclusion

21. 实现民族独立 realize national independence

22. 追求真理 seek the truth

23. 建立社会主义制度 establish a socialist system

24. 根除 (防止,消除)腐败 root out (prevent, eliminate) corruption

25. 响应号召 respond to the call

26. 进入新时期 enter a new period

27. 实行新政策 practice new policies

28. 展现生机和活力 display one’s vigor and vitality

29. 增强综合国力和国际竞争力 enhance comprehensive(overall) national strength and international competitiveness

30. 进入世界先进行列 edge into the advanced ranks in the world

31. 解决温饱问题 solve the problem of food and clothing

32. 吸收各国文明的先进成果 absorb what is advanced in other civilizations

33. 与日俱增 increase every day

34. 实现夙愿 fulfill the long-cherished wishes

35. 必将实现 be bound to come true

36. 锻造一支人民军队 forge a people’s army

37. 建立巩固的国防 build a strong national defense

38. 进行和谈 hold peace talks

39. 修改法律 amend the laws

40. 在……中起(至关)的重要作用 play a major (crucial, an important ) role in

41. 对……做出重要(巨大)贡献 make important (great, major )contributions to

42. 遵循规则 follow the principles

43. 把理论和实际结合起来 integrate theory with practice …

44. 把……作为指导 take… as the guide

45. 缓和紧张状况 ease the tension

46. 高举伟大旗帜 hold high the great banner

47. 解决新问题 resolve new problems

48. 观察当今世界 observe the present-day world

49. 开拓前进 open up new ways forward

50. 增强凝聚力 enhance the rally power

51. 结束暴力,开始和平谈判 end the violence and resume peace talks

52. 进行战略性调整 make strategic readjustment

53. 开始生效 go into effect / enter into force

54. 就……接受妥协 accept a compromise on

55. 接受……的采访 be interviewed by

56. 把……看成社会公敌 look upon …as a threat to society

57. 把……捐给慈善机构 donate …to charities

58. 维护世界和平 maintain world peace

59. 摆脱贫穷落后 get rid of poverty and backwardness

60. 实现发展繁荣 bring about development and prosperity

61. 反对各种形式的恐怖主义 be opposed to all forms of terrorism

62. 宣布……召开 announce the opening of

63. 对……具有深远的影响 have a far-reaching impact on

64. 面对……明显的缺陷 face up to the obvious defects of

65. 保护妇女权利不受侵犯 guarantee (protect) women’s rights against infringement